BRICS in polar regions: Brazil’s interests and prospects

  • Paulo Borba Casella University of São Paulo, 109, Rua da Reitoria, Butantã, São Paulo, 05508–900, Brazil
  • Maria Lagutina Saint Petersburg State University, 7–9, Universitetskaya nab., St. Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation
  • Arthur Roberto Capella Giannattasio University of São Paulo, 109, Rua da Reitoria, Butantã, São Paulo, 05508–900, Brazil

Аннотация

The current international legal regulation of the Arctic and Antarctica was organized during the second half of the XX century to establish an international public power over the two regions, the Arctic Council (AC) and the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS), which is characterized by Euro-American dominance. However, the rise of emerging countries at the beginning of the XXI century suggests a progressive redefinition of the structural balance of international power in favor of states not traditionally perceived as European and Western. This article examines the role of Brazil within the AC and the ATS to address various polar issues, even institutional ones. As a responsible country in the area of cooperation in science and technology in the oceans and polar regions in BRICS, Brazil appeals to its rich experience in Antarctica and declares its interest in joining the Arctic cooperation. For Brazil, participation in polar cooperation is a way to increase its role in global affairs and BRICS as a negotiating platform. It is seen in this context as a promising tool to achieve this goal. This article highlights new paths in the research agenda concerning interests and prospects of Brazilian agency in the polar regions.

Ключевые слова:

Brazil, Polar Regions, Arctic Council, Antarctic Treaty System

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Опубликован
2020-10-26
Как цитировать
Casella, P. B., Lagutina, M., & Giannattasio, A. R. C. (2020). BRICS in polar regions: Brazil’s interests and prospects. Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Международные отношения, 13(3), 326-340. https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu06.2020.303
Раздел
БРИКС: вызовы и дилеммы в год председательства России в организации