Latin America faces Eurasian conflicts: assessing regional responses in the age of Russia — United States tensions

  • Ariel González Levaggi Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina, av. Alicia Moreau de Justo 1300 (C1107AAZ). C.A.B.A., Buenos Aires, Argentina

Аннотация

From the ‘August’ crisis in 2008 to the high-scale intervention in the Syrian Civil War there had been increasing tensions between Russia and West that changed the global geopolitical scenario. The bulk of the literature has focused mostly on the bilateral relations between the U.S. and the Russian Federation, and its strategic implications in conflictive regional orders such as the Post-Soviet Space, Middle East and the Black Sea region. By looking at the international impact of regional conflicts in Central Eurasia, this paper seeks to shed light on the strategic triangle in the Western Hemisphere which brings Latin America, next to Washington and Moscow. By using a systemic framework, this article argues that rising tension between US and Russia affects not only the strategic calculations of Latin American chancelleries but also the type of Moscow’s regional strategy which would be more prone to emphasize geopolitical over economic factors, affecting negatively the degree of Russian influence in the region. To assess these arguments, I present two types of empirical elements. On the one hand, I present data about UN General Assembly voting in the 1991-2015 period which shows that there had been a decline in the voting agreement between Latin America and Russia in the last decade, while the region has improved its engagement with the US. On the other hand, I analyze briefly how Argentina, Mexico and Brazil vote in the specific cases of the Georgian and Ukrainian conflicts at the UN General Assembly and UN Security Council.

Ключевые слова:

Russia, Latin America, New Cold War

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Опубликован
2019-07-22
Как цитировать
González Levaggi, A. (2019). Latin America faces Eurasian conflicts: assessing regional responses in the age of Russia — United States tensions. Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Международные отношения, 12(2), 198-209. https://doi.org/10.21638/11701/spbu06.2019.206
Раздел
Латинская Америка и линии международного сотрудничества и конфликтов